The weekly NI market report
27 July 2021
Wheat - Concerns persist for Canadian and US spring wheat crops, but a fair amount of this is already likely to be reflected in current prices. Quality remains a key watch point for France and Germany.
Maize - Rain in the US is improving prospects for the US maize crop after earlier dry weather in some areas. But with very low US stocks, some risk premium will remain until we get a clearer idea of the crop size.
Barley - Winter barley harvest progress in Europe and the Black Sea is set against uncertainty about yield losses in Canada. The longer-term outlook for barley depends on total feed grain availability.
Global markets - Markets ended last week slightly lower as the weather outlook for the US improved. China also cancelled 160Kt of US maize exports for the 2020/21 season, which ends on 31 August for maize.
In the early part of the week, concerns for US and Canadian crops and buying by speculative traders pushed prices up. However, the forecast for US maize areas turned wetter as the week progressed. This change, plus profit taking by speculative traders in the US, meant global prices ended the week down.
Rain fell in the northwest Midwest over the weekend. This should help maize crops in the area after drier than usual conditions over the past month. The forecasts show more rain for the northern areas, but drier in the central Midwest this week.
There was also some rain in the Canadian Prairies, but it may already be too late for these crops. The latest Saskatchewan crop report stated that any rain now would only help stabilise yields. The USDA forecast Canada to provide 13% of world barley and 11% of wheat exports this season. With Canadian stocks already low and the dry weather, that looks rather optimistic.
Elsewhere, harvests are slowly advancing. But, there’s still a lot of uncertainty, including over wheat and barley quality in France and Germany after rain delays. Harvesting is now reaching the Russian critical ‘black earth’ regions, so we’ll know a lot more over the next week or so.
UK focus - UK delivered prices rose last week Thursday-Thursday. However, Nov-21 delivered wheat (milling and feed) prices rose by less than Nov-21 futures over the same period, reducing the basis.
Last week the gap between bread and feed wheat prices was stable. However, the gap could widen if there are issues with UK quality. This is especially given the uncertainty over crops in Germany and Canada, which are typical import origins for the UK.
Feed barley prices rose by more than feed wheat, closing the discount by £2.00/t to £18.50/t in the Avon area (Hvst delivery).
Meanwhile, prices for feed wheat delivered before the end of this month were again over £30/t higher than prices for harvest delivery.
Looking ahead to harvest 2022, gross margins for wheat still look attractive and could support the area. Barley also held steady in the rankings.
Rapeseed - Rains across the Canadian prairies are set to temper the bullish sentiment for rapeseed. With adverse weather priced into the market, it’s now critical to assess how much will be cut from Canada’s canola production.
Soyabeans - Forecast rain across the U.S. Midwest provides optimism for soyabeans crop development as we end July. That, combined with lacklustre new-crop demand from China, is weighing on the market.
Global markets - Pressuring the oilseed complex over the last week was a combination of improved weather and reduced demand. Due to this, Chicago soyabeans futures (Nov-21) were down 2.9% across the week.
Longer-term weather models indicate cooler weather across parts of key regions in the US. There is much needed rain forecast in Iowa and Minnesota, both key soyabean producing states.
Another pressure on global soyabean prices is the slowing demand from China for soyabeans. Chinese imports are set to slow in late 2021, after a record 48.9Mt was imported in the first half of 2021, up 9% year-on-year. What will slow this demand is the reduction in hog margins in China, which are down 100% since the start of 2021 (Refinitiv).
Exports of Malaysian palm oil products for July 1-25 July fell 0.5% to 1.14Mt Cargo Surveyor Intertek Testing Services reported on Sunday.
Rapeseed focus - Paris rapeseed futures (Nov-21) closed Friday at €530.25/t, down €13.00/t across the week. Delivered rapeseed (Nov-21, into Erith) was quoted at £458.50/t, down £21.00/t across the week.
Sterling strengthening against the euro across the week added further pressure on our domestic market. Trading closed Friday at £1 = €1.1683, up by 0.2% across the week (Refinitiv).
Canadian canola futures (Nov-21) were down 3.7% across the week. Much of the drought impact has been priced in and weather models suggest widespread precipitation over the Canadian Prairies in the next couple of weeks.