The Ulster Farmers’ Union says it is a positive step forward that the recent IPCC report highlights the importance of balanced diets, which include animal-sourced food produced in a sustainable way.
The comments were made in response to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on land use across the world and its impact on climate.
UFU president Ivor Ferguson said: “We have reviewed the report in detail and are encouraged that the IPCC recognises the importance of a balanced diet that includes animal products produced sustainably. However, farmers often don’t get the credit they deserve for the work they do to protect the environment and tackle climate change.
“We are working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions locally. However, we disagree that reducing livestock numbers in the UK is part of the solution. All this would do is export livestock production to countries where environmental standards are lower and result in increasing global emissions. This makes no sense from a climate change perspective.”
Mr Ferguson says greenhouse gas emissions from beef production on the island of Ireland are 4.5 times less than those of South America.
“Currently, UK Trade Minister Dominic Rabb is travelling around the globe trying to strike post-Brexit deals with countries that often have lower environmental and animal welfare standards, meaning we would essentially be exporting our climate responsibilities and sanctioning the destruction of tropical rainforests to create grassland for livestock. Why do this when 70 per cent of land in Northern Ireland is classified as LFA, much of which is not suitable for growing crops and vegetables, but ideal for livestock production,” he said.
Meanwhile, The Livestock and Meat Commission for Northern Ireland (LMC) has responded to a report on climate change and land issued by the United Nations (UN), suggesting that if consumers in rich nations immediately reduced their consumption of intensively produced meat and dairy foods, this could help fight climate change.
LMC claims that the solution to climate change is a lot more complex than reducing red meat intake and something that all sectors should claim collective responsibility for.
“Recent coverage of this latest UN report depicts animal agriculture as a key problem in the climate change discussion, however, when compared to other sectors in countries such as the UK, its emissions are significantly less,” said LMC Chief Executive, Ian Stevenson.
“Official statistics from the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy have shown that transport accounted for 26 per cent of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2016. Energy was responsible for 25 per cent, 17 per cent was businesses, 14 per cent homes and just 10 per cent from agriculture. Our industry is consistently being used as a scapegoat in what we feel, is an incredibly complex issue.
“As we have said many times before, sustainable livestock production plays a hugely important role in the health and well-being of the planet and its people.
“We have a rapidly growing population around the world and with growth in incomes in developing countries also comes a growth in demand for quality meat protein and other dietary enrichments.
“In Northern Ireland we have productive livestock, which are adequately supplied with abundant quantities of water and grazing lands, ideally placed to convert human inedible grass into high quality human edible protein.
“If we are to tackle the issue of climate change, it must be a collective effort from all sectors. The responsibility cannot be left for the agriculture sector to shoulder,” Ian continued.
“LMC works closely with industry and government partners on this issue. We are an active member of the European Roundtable for Beef Sustainability (ERBS) and one of its key priorities is to decrease the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions in beef production.
“We must not forget the vitally important role that red meat plays as part of a healthy, balanced diet. The solution to climate change must not be seen as a one size fits all. Climate change is a global problem with local solutions of which agriculture plays a key part.”